The descriptive statistics for the two dimensions (see Table 2) indicated that the conflict and closeness values varied between the maximum and minimum possible values of the scale (i.e. 40 and 8, and 35 and 7, respectively), while the STRS total score varied between the maximum and almost the minimum possible values of the scale (i.e. 75 and 15). Although the analysis of the Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test indicated that these scales do not have a normal distribution, the skewness and kurtosis values showed that they are not far from normality. In fact, the teachers reported significantly higher scores on the closeness subscale, than on the conflict subscale, F(1, 534) = , p < .001.
Cronbach’s alpha shown higher internal consistency from conflict and you will closeness proportions ([alpha] = .87, and you can [alpha] = .86, respectively) and also in the STRS complete rating ([alpha] = .84). The thing-total relationship varied ranging from .forty-two and .69 in most contents of each other subscales, and you can inter-items correlations ranged ranging from .twenty seven and you will .63, recommending that all products are relevant to such subscales.
The fresh new exploratory factor analysis, clover nedir having a primary section extraction approach and Varimax rotation, offered the initial a couple of-foundation service because of the Pianta (1992). It a couple-foundation provider taken into account % away from total variance (find Desk step 3). Both products exhibited Eigenvalues regarding 4.62 and you may step three.61, and you may accounted for % and you can % of your complete variance, respectively to possess conflict and you will closeness.
However, the newest percentile philosophy per subscale and also for the total rating revealed that the latest educators have a tendency to view the college student-professor relationship definitely
Throughout the confirmatory grounds studies, i checked-out new design complement both-factor model. It basic model (Model A beneficial) presented sufficient match index opinions (CFI = .ninety-five, GFI = .ninety, RMSEA = 0.07, [chi square]/df = dos.32), but about three sets out-of errors in identical dimensions had higher modification indicator. For this reason, i checked-out a second model assuming correlations of them problems (Design B, Shape step 1), and you will a great fit are hit (CFI = .96, GFI = .93, RMSEA = 0.05, [chi square]/df = step 1.65; Hu Bentler, 1999).
The relation between the conflict and closeness subscales was weak but significant and negative (r = -.15, p < .001). The relation between the subscales and the STRS total score was also significant, but strong and negative with the conflict subscale (r = -.77, p < .001) and strong and positive with the closeness subscale (r = .74, p < .001).
The brand new teachers having students in the first levels had nearer matchmaking ([beta] = –
The new ratio away from men and women youngsters selected by instructors differed inside reason for their sex, we.e., people educators selected even more lady than male college students and you may men instructors selected far more men than ladies children, [chi-square](1) = 5.034, p = .025.
80, p < .001, and overall student-teacher relationship, t(525) = 3.67, p < .001, depending on the student's gender. Teachers reported less conflict in student-teacher relationships with the female students (M = , SD = 4.63) than male students (M = , SD = 5.75), and globally better student-teacher relationships with female students (M = , SD = 7.37) than male students (M = , SD = 8.34). There was no statistical evidence of a significant difference in closeness in student-teacher relationships by students' gender, t(525) = 1.76, p = .079.
The regression model indicated that the students’ grade level was significantly associated with the closeness subscale, F(1, 518) = , p < .001, and the STRS total scale, F(1, 518) = 9.23, p = .003, but not with the conflict subscale, F(1, 518) = 0.00, p = .991. 21, CI = -.83 - -.35) and better student-teacher relationships overall ([beta] = -.13, CI = -.97 -.21), than the teachers with students in the more advanced grades.